Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA)

Know your body

Bio-electrical Impedance Analysis or Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA) is a method of assessing your body composition that is, the measurement of body fat in relation to lean body mass. It is an integral part of a health and nutrition assessment.

Getting the balance right!

Research has shown that there is a strong link between body composition and health.  A normal balance of body fat is associated with good health and longevity.  Excess fat in relation to lean body mass can greatly increase your risks for many chronic health issues such as cardiovascular disease or diabetes.  The early detection of an improper balance in your body composition allows earlier intervention and can support prevention.

Greater insight into your progress.

Since fat loss is the goal when people set out to lose weight and muscle gain is the goal when people set out to gain weight, BIA can be utilised to monitor body composition changes rather than the dreaded scales. Instead of feeling frustrated with the scale clients are usually very happy to learn of their progress when viewing BIA results.

How Does BIA Work?

This non-invasive test simply involves the placement of two electrodes on the person’s right hand and right foot. A low level, imperceptible electrical current is sent through the body. The flow of the current is affected by the amount of water in the body. The device measures how this signal is impeded through different types of tissue. Tissues that contain large amounts of fluid and electrolytes, such as blood, have high conductivity, but fat and bone slow the signal down. As BIA determines the resistance to flow of the current as it passes through the body, it provides estimates of body water from which body fat is calculated using selected equations.

What information will you receive?

  • Total body weight – In kilograms.
  • Total body fat percentage – Body fat percentage is the amount of body fat as a proportion of your total body weight.

Measuring weight alone or even relying on BMI is not an accurate assessment of health or fitness, because it doesn’t distinguish kilograms that come from fat and kilograms that come from lean muscle mass. A certain percentage of body fat is necessary for everyone, however high levels of fat results in obesity.

  • Visceral fat percentage – Visceral fat is the fat that is in the internal abdominal cavity, surrounding the vital organs in the trunk (abdominal) area.
  • Muscle mass – The weight of muscle in your body. The muscle mass displayed includes the skeletal muscles, smooth muscles (such as cardiac and digestive muscles) and the water contained in these muscles.
  • Bone mass – The weight of bone mineral in the body. Please note BIA does not measure bone density. People worried about bone disease should consult their physician for appropriate testing.
  • Basal Metabolic Rate – Your BMR is the minimum level of energy your body needs when at rest for your respiratory, circulatory and neural system, liver, kidneys and other organs to function effectively.
  • Total body water percentage
  • Metabolic age – Metabolic Age is a calculation of your BMR and indicates the average age associated with that type of metabolism. If your BMR Age is higher than your actual age, it is an indication that you need to improve your metabolic rate.


Iris Analysis

Iridology, also called iris analysis, is the study of the iris (the coloured part of the eye). It is non invasive and requires that images of your iris are captured utilising an iris scope which is briefly placed over the eye. The images are then examined and used to assess a person’s health – physical, mental and emotional.

How does it work?

The eyes are connected to every organ, gland, and tissue of the body by way of the nervous system. Through the optic nerves, which are attached to the eyes, visual information is sent back to the brain, and at the same time information is sent back to the eyes from the brain about the overall level of one’s health. Iridology is not itself a therapy, but rather an assessment tool.

By observing the patterns, shapes, rings, colours and pigmentation markings, fibres, structures, and changes in the pupil and iris a practitioner can identify areas of your body that may require extra attention or nurturing.

An Iris Analysis may be utilised at the appropriate time to enhance information on your health and wellbeing and assist your naturopath in determining the best options for you.

Zinc Tally Test

Zinc Tally Test is a simple screening method for evaluating your zinc status. Zinc, which is defined as an essential trace element, or a micronutrient, plays an important part in many biological processes including normal growth and the reproduction. It is vital for the function of more than 300 enzymes, for the stabilization of DNA, and for gene expression.  It is estimated that up to 90% of the population are zinc deficient. Hence zinc deficiency can have serious health implications.

How the test is done

This taste test uses 10ml of liquid containing 10mg of zinc sulphate heptahydrate. This solution is held and swished around in the mouth for 10 seconds. The taste experienced by the person doing the test is based on the level of zinc in their taste buds. The taste will range from no taste (like water) to a strong bitter taste. If there is no taste swallow the liquid, as it is a good source of zinc. If the taste is unpleasant, spit it out as if swallowed the bitter taste will worsen.

What do the results suggest?

  • No taste at all – Zinc deficiency
  • No immediate taste but after a few seconds mouth may feel dry, furry or metallic – Inadequate zinc levels
  • A definite strong unpleasant taste is noted almost immediately – Moderate zinc levels
  • A strong, unpleasant taste is noted immediately Optimal zinc levels –

A score of 1 or 2 suggests you may benefit from zinc supplementation. This decision should be made in consultation with your Naturopath as all sources of zinc need to be considered to avoid excessive intake.

If a course of zinc supplementation is recommended due to the results from this test, it is advised to retest 4 weeks later to check results.